stitutively lacks a place in language” (M. Sharpe). The subject lacks a position in language. It also, in relation to the Other lacks an object. Lacan argues that “Man’s desire is the desire of the Other” (“What does Lacan Say About Desire?”). Desire for Lacan exists in the Signifier. The subject, being a signified, lacks an object which is believed to exist in the signifier. The signifier desires in the chain of signification and the subject as a signified always lacks an object due to the fact that irrespective of how huge the signifier’s chain is, it always remains incomplete. The Lacanian object is synonymous with the Freudian Phallus: “The phallus is the indicator of the desire of the Other” (ibid). The subject “always lacks the signifier that could complete it. This ‘missing signifier’ (written ?1 in Lacanian algebra) is constitutive of the subject” (Evans 98-9) (Shane).
VI. Dissertation Outline
The introductory chapter of this dissertation (Chapter One) is an insight into the main problems that the whole thesis is trying to map. It begins with an introduction to McEwan’s works and elaborates on the apocalyptic imaginations engraved in his works. The ?i?ekian theory and the methods to approach the issue are described in this chapter. The second chapter also bears an inclusive insight into ?i?ek and his philosophy by means of studying ?i?ek’s contributions to Hegelian idealist philosophy, Lacanian psychoanalysis and Marxist theory of politics. The lines that could connect ?i?ek to McEwan are also studied briefly here.
The third chapter attempts to delve deep into the ideological layers that creep in the texture of McEwan’s novels. Ideological levels of Doctrine, Ritual and Belief are focused here. A mere personal aspect of the apocalyptic imagination and the process through which a traumatic and post-traumatic subject is formed are highlighted in this segment.
Chapter Four is unswervingly dedicated to the apocalyptic specter that hovers around McEwan’s works by examining his own words as well as his works. The ?i?ekian death drive is applied to complete the discussion, wishing to map various aspects of the McEwanian end-times thought. The application of the five stages of grief on the works of McEwan is the latest attempt to investigate the issue and elaborate on McEwanian finalism.
The following is a list of what goes on in the thesis:
Chapter One: Introduction
Review of Literature
Methodology and Approach
Definition of Terms